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my approach


I have 4 main contributors to my clinical approach and yet there have been so many mentors along that way who have participated in the development of my skills over 35 years.


My clinical training is solidly rooted in Structural Family Therapy under Salvador Minuchin’s clinic in Philadelphia beginning in 1991. During my graduate program, I focused my research in areas of Attachment Theories with Ainsworth and Bowlby to understand the importance of connections between people and how those connections impact the everyday functioning of individuals. I cannot forget to mention the incredible work of Dr. Bruce Perry, a North Dakota native, neurologist, who has extensive research and treatment delivery to those with childhood trauma. Another significant contributor to my work is Susan Johnson, developer of Emotionally Focused Therapy which wraps the pieces of training already listed into an evidence-based model to assist couple relationships in understanding our dance with our partner based on attachments and unmet needs. 


I utilize the primary theories listed and add the skills of Dialectic Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Recovery Management, EMDR and Gottman Couple Techniques to my toolbox.  

In First Responder services the range of interventions included Critical Incident Stress Management Debriefing (CISM), Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Cognitive Behavioral Therapies (CBT and DBT), and Relationship issues as needed.

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